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EE Characteristics: Scope

Scope is a theoretically important characteristic of external enablers primarily because it affects the market potential of the ventures created in their wake3 . Scope has important implications for the strategic ambitions, timing and scaling decisions, and eventual outcomes of emerging new ventures. Within and across the types of enablers there is variation in sectoral, spatial, temporal, and socio-demographic scope.


  • Sectoral scope concerns the range of industries that an external enabler may affect.

  • Spatial scope refers to the geographic area the enabler affects.

  • Temporal scope refers to the duration of enablement, that is, for how long the change has significant effects.

  • Socio-demographic scope pertains to the range of individuals whose circumstances are potentially affected by the enabler.

(Davidsson et al., 2020 AMP)

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